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Troubleshooting Bioassays

Sharing an abstract of work together with Anthos Therapeutics and Accurant Biotech, Inc (https://www.accurantbiotech.com) of a new anti-drug antibody assay format that successfully addressed a false positive issue.


Development and Validation of a Specific and Sensitive Anti-Drug Antibody Assay for Abelacimab That Avoids False Positive Results Due to Factor XI Interference

Abelacimab is a fully human IgG1 monoclonal antibody that has dual activity against the inactive zymogen Factor XI (FXI) and the activated Factor XI (FXIa). Clinical trials for this investigational product are ongoing.


As part of the initial assessment of abelacimab safety and efficacy, an anti-drug antibody (ADA) assay was validated and implemented in two single ascending dose studies conducted in the United States and Japan in healthy subjects. In those studies, ADA positive results were detected in up to 31.1% of subjects. There was no apparent impact on PK, PD, or development of immunogenicity-adverse events in study subjects who were ADA positive relative to those who were ADA negative in either study. Further, the rates of ADA positive subjects seemed inconsistent with a single administration of a fully human IgG1 monoclonal antibody therapeutic. Given the homodimeric structure of FXI, it appeared that the ADA assay was returning false positive results due to cross-linking through FXI. To address this issue, a novel ADA assay, following the 3-tiered approach of screening, confirmation, and titer determination was developed and validated. The assay was shown to be sensitive, specific, and did not show false positive interference by FXI. Two subsequent clinical trials (ANT-003 A randomized, subject- and investigator-blinded, placebo-controlled study conducted in healthy subjects and in obese, but otherwise healthy, subjects aged 18 to 60 years of age and ANT-004 A randomized, subject- and investigator-blinded, placebo-controlled, multiple ascending dose study in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) or atrial flutter aged 18 to 85 years old with a CHA 2DS 2-VASc risk score of 0-1 for men and 1-2 for women and in whom the use of an anticoagulant for stroke prevention was not planned for the duration of the trial) showed no treatment-emergent ADA responses from either trial. The screen positive rate from the two studies was approximately 5% with no screen positive samples confirmed as positive indicating that the new assay format successfully addressed the false positive issue, and that the sensitivity was appropriately set to achieve the FDA-recommended 5% false positive rate for ADA assays.


Link to the article in the journal Blood.


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